今日の5つの上級英単語 Part 20

おはようございます。月曜日ですねぇ。今週も頑張って少しずつ難しい単語を覚えていきましょう!

今日の5つの上級英単語は:

valour (valor)
sinecure
complicity
liquidation
recant

です。

valour /ˈvælə(r)/ [n] Uncountable : great courage, especially in war 勇気、武勇
Acts of valour
The Victoria Cross is Britain's highest military decoration for valour.
No one was doubting the valour of those who served in the war.
*下の写真はイギリスのThe Victoria Cross、ヴィクトリア十字章。「イギリス及び英連邦王国構成国の軍人に対し授与される最高の戦功章(ウィキペディアより)」。For Valourの刻印が見えます。
f0045624_03143134.jpg
sinecure /ˈsɪnɪkjʊə(r)/ [n] : A job that you are paid for even though it involves little or no work
Having experienced little hardship in their lives, many young people dream of having a sinecure but leading life of a jet-setter.
*一体日本語訳は何だろうと思って調べてみたら、「閑職、おいしい仕事」とありました。なるほど。
f0045624_03264108.jpg
complicity /kəmˈplɪsəti/ [n] Uncountable : Partnership in wrongdoing
Danny had confessed to complicity in the killing of his brother-in-law.
Proceeding on the premise that the broker was guilty of complicity in the swindle, the detective followed his surreptitiously.
To be guilty of complicity in the murder
Evident complicity between the two brothers
She was charged with complicity.
FIFA tried to shield its leader from complicity but failed.
*「共謀、共犯」と日本語訳にはあります。犯罪、法廷の文脈で使われます。

liquidation /ˌlɪkwɪˈdeɪʃn/ [n] Uncountable : unlawful and premeditated killing of a competitor
After a liquidation of the gang leader, a mammoth conflict arouse among his ambitious lieutenants.
Danny was tricked into blaming a fried for the liquidation of his brother-in-law, thereby establishing himself as an accomplice.
*破産・倒産や債務返済の意味ではよくききますが、「競争相手の殺人」という意味があるとは知りませんでした。

recant /rɪˈkænt/ [v] withdraw previous statements
Though Danny later recanted his confession, he was found culpable and jailed.
The charges against him were dropped after the key witness recanted her story.
The actress recanted her vicious remarks about her colleague.
*法廷や裁判の文脈でよく使われる単語。「取り消す、撤回する」

以上でした。Part 20、終わりましたねぇ。ということは100語学んだ、ということですよね。今度は復習セッションを交えようかな...。まるっきり忘れてる単語もあるけど意外と覚えていたりするものですよ。



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by uk_alien | 2015-06-15 11:00 | 今日の5つの上級英単語