今日の5つの上級英単語 Part 21

今日の上級英単語は:

abrogate
preclude
extrinsic
declaim
fetter

手ごわい(笑)。

でも昨晩、vocaburary.comのSpelling Bee機能を使ってこれらの単語を含め6月リストのスペリング練習をしたから結構親近感があったりする。このvocaburary.comは結構気に入って使っている。便利。誰か日本の受験者諸君のためにこういう無料サイトをつくってあげてね。

abrogate /ˈæbrəɡeɪt/ [v] : revoke or abolish formally -- used when serious rights, responsibilities are discussed in a legal or political context 廃止する、取り消す

to abrogate one's responsibility to sb/sth
to abrogate sb's right to do sth

The rights of the accused have been abrogated.
The wealthy uncle decided to abrogate his inane nephew-s sinecure.
North Korea abrogated the agreement when it felt able to do so and has gone on to test nuclear weapons.
If we look away from their destruction, we abrogate our duty to preserve them for future generation.
The moment you establish religious requirement for civil rule, you have abrogated the democracy, by establishing a state that controls with religious law.
The moment you acquire a citizenship elsewhere, your Japanese citizenship will be abrogated.


preclude /prɪˈkluːd/ [v] : prevent 不可能にする、妨げる

Lack of time precluded any further discussion.
His disability precluded him from signing up for the army.
He hoped to continue as leader, after a contest, but internal disquiet precluded that.
His long imprisonment precluded him from trusting anyone but himself.

extrinsic /eksˈtrɪnsɪk/ [adj] : foreign, coming from outside, not connected to the essential nature 外部からの、外来的な

Extrinsic evidence independently secured through skillful investigation
Collectors avidly sought the rare coin for its extrinsic value.
Extrinsic factors
When the goal involves innovation and creativity, then extrinsic drivers tend to be ineffective and even counter-effective.
"A powerful, intrinsic motive was crowded out by a weaker, extrinsic one," they concluded.
The impact of extrinsic reward, such as money and attention, while important, is ephemeral and limited.

declaim /dɪˈkleɪm/ [v] : to say sth loudly; to speak loudly and forcefully about sth you feel strong about especially in public 演説する、激しく非難する

She declaimed the famous opening speech of the play.
He declaimed against the evils of alcohol.
Preachers on the street declaiming evils of modern society were harassing passers-by.

fetter /ˈfetə(r)/ [v] to restrict, to shackle 足かせをかける、拘束する

Going forward, in order to put fetters on the ferocious appetite of this pandemic, we must not focus solely on a reactionary response.
Prisoners were transported with their feet fettered.
Plato argued that for most of us, our interpretations of reality are based on an equally fettered experience. <-なつかしいなぁ、これ。日本の大学時代にならった「洞窟の比喩」だ。

と、今日はこれまで。abrogateが手ごわい気がする...。

[PR]
by uk_alien | 2015-06-16 10:00 | 今日の5つの上級英単語