今日の5つの上級英単語 Part 25

再び月曜日がやってきました!週末はいかがでしたでしょうか?今週も頑張って勉強していきましょうね。

今日の5つの上級英単語は:

perpetrate
consummate
subterfuge
fallacious
manifold


perpetrate /ˈpɜːpətreɪt/ [v] : to commit a crime; to do something evil 悪事・過失などを〉犯す
Systematic ethnic cleansing is one of the worst acts ever perpetrated by human beings.
To perpetrate a crime
Violence perpetrated against women and children
Security breaches perpetrated by people working at the company
*名詞のperpetratorは犯罪モノドラマでよくききますよね。


consummate /kənˈsʌmət/ [adj] : extremely skilled; perfect この上ない、申し分のない、有能な

Opera singers with consummate skills in acting as well as singing are bound to succeed.
*動詞で"to make a marriage complete by having sex"の意味ではピリオドドラマなどでよく耳にします。


subterfuge /ˈsʌbtəfjuːdʒ/ [n] : something intended to misrepresent the true nature of an activity; deception ごまかし、口実、逃げ口上

A political subterfuge
The simple bold and ingenious subterfuge
They tried to get her to sign the contract by subterfuge.
*subter=secretly、fuge=escapeという意味だそうで、「ひそかにのがれる」=「ごまかし」となるようです。
意味が広いので下記のsynonymsを参考までに:
trickery, intrigue, deviousness, evasion, deceit, deception, dishonesty,cheating, duplicity, guile, cunning, craft, craftiness, slyness, chicanery,bluff, pretense, fraud, fraudulence, sophistry, sharp practice


fallacious /fəˈleɪʃəs/ [adj] wrong, based on a false idea 誤った

A fallacious argument/assumption
Fallacious testimony
Many home owners have given a fallacious hope by estate agents. As a result, house prices remain very high and never come down even though they are not selling.

manifold /ˈmænɪfəʊld/ [adj] : many; of many different types 多数の、種々の

The possibilities were manifold.
The role entails manifold duties.


以上です。次はPart 6の復習です。


[PR]
by uk_alien | 2015-06-22 10:00 | 今日の5つの上級英単語