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カテゴリ：今日の５つの上級英単語( 44 )
2015年 08月 05日
hoard [v] to collect and keep large amount of food, money, etc., especially secretly
e.g. Squirrels hoard nuts for winter.
aegis [n] under the aegis of sth = with the protection or support of a particular organisation or person
e.g. The negotiations were conducted under the aegis of UN.
imbibe [v] to drink alcohol, to absorb sth (such as information)
e.g. Plants imbibe light from the sun
We often go on a holiday in Devon to imbibe fresh air.
virile [adj] showing masculine characteristics (strong, energetic, sexual etc). (positively used)
e.g. What can we do to change this somehow fixated idea that men continue to be fascinating and attractive and virile, while women age and no longer sexual or beautiful.
doddering [adj] weak, slow and not able to walk in a steady way especially because of old age
e.g. My mother-in-law detests the idea of ending up in a nursing home, living among doddering old people.
2015年 08月 04日
1) small and weak 虚弱な
e.g. The newborn baby was a puny little thing.
2) not very impressive 取るに足らない、つまらない
e.g. They laughed at my puny efforts
to make a puny attempt to do sth
a puny physique
obliterate əˈblɪtəreɪt [v]: to erase/cover or destroy completely
e.g. The building was completely obliterated by the bomb.
The snow had obliterated their foot prints.
Everything that happened that night was obliterated from his memory.
deplorable dɪˈplɔːrəbl [adj]: very bad and unacceptable, often in a shocking way 嘆かわしい、みじめな
e.g. During the conflict, the villagers endured years of suffering and privation, living in the most deplorable conditions.
conflagration [n]: a very large fire that destroys a lot of land or buildings 大火
e.g. During the Grate Fire in 1666, a major conflagration swept through the medieval City of London.
ruː [v]: to regret 後悔する、残念に思う
e.g. You'll rue the day you took a job that you knew you shouldn't have, or left one without thinking it through.
2015年 07月 31日
perpetuate etʃueɪt [v]: to cause to continue 永続させる
e.g. The obsolete system perpetuated itself for a long time.
mandate ˈmændeɪt [n]: an official order 任務、指令
The bank had no mandate to honour the cheque
fetish ˈfetɪʃ[n]: an object that is thought to have magic powers 呪物、物神、崇拝の対象
e.g. The explorers were amazed at the sight of a huge gold statue but chose not to take it away as they understood that it was a powerful fetish to the natives.
entreaty ɪnˈtriːti [n]: appeal, a serious and often an emotional request 嘆願、懇願
The accused made an entreaty to teh governer for a pardon.
inviolable ɪnˈvaɪələbl [adj]: to be respected, and not to be attached or destroyed 不可侵の、神聖な
The rused are inviolable at this school. You must obey; otherwise, you will be expelled.
2015年 07月 30日
1) a person with ideas that other people find strange 風変わりな人
e.g. Vegitarians are no longer called cranks, but frutalians might be...
2) (AmE) a person who easily gets angry or annoyed; a bad tempered person 気難しい人
pedagogue ˈpedə[n]: teacher; a person who likes to teach people things, especially because they think they know more than other people 教師
e.g. Some language used by students in class nowadays would have been considered objectionable by pedagogues fifty years ago.
1) to say/pronunce words clearly 明瞭に発音する
2) to express an idea clearly and exactly 言明する
e.g. Eva Kor, one of the Auschwitz survivors, enunciates how empowering forgiving Nazi has been to her.
inordinate ɪnɪnət[adj]: excessive 過度の、法外な
e.g. They spent an inordinate amount of time and money on the production.
irascible ɪˈræsəbl[adj]: becoming very angry easily 短気な
e.g. The previous chancellor of exchecker was infamous for his irascible personality.
* ire[n]:anger, irate[adj]:very angry
2015年 07月 29日
perspicacious adj]: able to understand quickly and accurately; shrewd and wise; showing this quality 明敏な
e.g. He threw a perspicacious argument and every one in the meeting room eventually agreed to go ahead with his plan.
analogous əˈnæləɡəs [adj]: Similar in some way to sth/sb and therefore able to compare with it/them ...に類似して
e.g. Good music by itself takes you through imageries, thoughts, dramas and stories; in that sense, it is analogous to films. However, all the experiences derive from within, as opposed to being readily provided by some Hollywood film director.
salvation sælˈveɪʃn [n]: a way of protecting sb from danger, disaster, loss etc 救済
e.g. Somehow I did not get along with the teacher I had. After a couple of years' misery with her, my salvation came at last; I had a different one who I liked and my grades shot up.
scurrilous sælˈveɪʃn [adj]: very rude and insulting, and intended to damage sb's reputation 下品な、口汚い
e.g. News papers launched scurrilous attacks on the politician.
acrimony ˈækrɪ [n]: angry bitter feelings or words 辛辣さ
e.g. Their divorce went through without acrimony.
2015年 07月 28日
predicament prɪˈdɪkəmənt [n]: a difficult or unpleasant situation, especially one where it is difficult to know what to do 苦境、境地
e.g. After all, he could be a good source of information and might help me out of my predicament.
cumulative ˈkjuːmjə [adj]: of the total amount that is added together 累積された、累加した
e.g. The cumulative effect of human activity on the world environment is unmeasurable.
The monthly sales and the cumulative total of the past 6 months.
The effect of noise on ears is cumulative, insidious and, researchers say, irreversible.
recondite ˈrekəndaɪt [adj]: confined to and understandable by only an enlightened inner circle 難解な、深遠な
Saturday's performance brought out the humour and charm in a work that can sometimes feel forbiddingly recondite or merely meditative.
palliate ˈpælieɪt [v]:
1) alleviate (pain) - but not cure （痛みや病気などを）緩和する
e.g. The drug will only palliate the pains.
2) mitigate (a situation) - but not solve (状況を）取り繕う、緩和する
e.g. Charm and purposes palliated the pure ether of his arrogance.
She started drinking to palliate her connubial difficulties.
chimerical [adj] : wildly fanciful, imaginative 空想的な、途方もない
This is not a chimerical idea. It is a sketch of what might be realised with little difficulty.
2015年 07月 24日
nirvana /nɪəˈvɑːnə/ [n]: (in the religion of Buddhism) the state of peace and happiness that a person achieves after giving up all personal desires 涅槃
Through good deeds and pure thoughts man may reach nirvana.
My average commute time is consistently between 10 and 12 minutes, which feels like nirvana after years of driving for 75 minutes or more.
connubial /kəˈnjuːbiəl/ [adj]: related to marriage, or to the relationship between husband and wife 結婚の、夫婦の
For men further down the income ladder, both earnings and their chance of connubial bliss plummet.
demur /dɪˈmɜː(r)/ [v]: to say that you don't agree or refuse to do something 難色を示す、返事をしぶる
In the Milgram Experiment where participants were asked to 'give electric shocks' to a person behind the wall by pressing a button, they demurred at first but soon gave in and agreed to do so.
appellation /ˌæpəˈleɪʃn/ [n]: name, title 名称、名
What can you expect as the appellation "senior citizen" begins to apply to you?
gamut /ˈɡæmət/ [n]: (the gamut) the complete range of a particular kind of thing
She felt she had run the whole gamut of human emotions from joy to despair in one day.
2015年 07月 23日
supplication /ˌsʌplɪˈkeɪʃn/ [n]: the act of asking for something with a very humble request or prayer; plea 嘆願
*vocabulary.comによると"While a supplication is often thought of as a religious prayer (it is used 60 times in the Bible), it can logically be applied to any situation in which you must entreat someone in power for help or a favor. Still, it carries with it an aura of religiosity and deep entreaty, and should not be used to describe just any simple request."とあります。
She clasped her hands in supplication to the heavens.
He listened with scant patience to her supplications.
penance /ˈpenəns/ [n]:
1) an act that you give yourself to do, or that a priest gives you to do in order to show that you are sorry for something you have done wrong 罪を償うための苦行
2) something you have to do though you do not want to 苦痛なこと
I don't think writing a novel can have enough impact in the world these days to be considered penance.
ascetic /əˈsetɪk/ [adj]: not allowing yourself physical pleasures, especially for religious reasons; related to a simple and strict way of life 禁欲的な
The monks lived a very ascetic life.
desultory /ˈdesəltri/ [adj]: lacking definite plan or purpose and going from one thing to another, without enthusiasm とりとめのない、散漫な
The lecture was rather desultory and lacked focus. Many left the auditorium before it ended.
bona fide /bəʊnə ˈfaɪdi/ [n]: real, genuine 本物の、真実の
Well done, you've passed the test. You are a bona fide member of the team now.
2015年 07月 22日
今日のつぶやき → （ピアノのペダリング、上手になるものなのだろうか？きっとマニュアル車のクラッチのように自然に身体の一部になるに違いない...と祈ろう。）
levity /ˈlevəti/ [n]: behaviour that shows lack of respect for something serious and that treats it in an amusing way; frivority 深刻さを欠く態度、場違いな陽気さ
The joke provided a moment of levity in an otherwise dreary meeting.
Some levity might help get the business done.
lugubrious /ləˈɡuːbriəs/ [adj]: sad and serious
His attempt to lighten up the mood with levity was rather inappropriate.
scion /ˈsaɪən/ [n]: a young member of a family, especially a famous or important one
He was a scion of an incredible family, but brushed away the possibility of privilege for the harder, better reward of earning his own way.
obsequious /əbˈsiːkwiəs/ [adj]: trying too hard to please someone
The waiters came hurrying forward with obsequious smiles on their faces.
fulsome /ˈfʊlsəm/ [adj]: too generous in thanking or apologising so that it sounds insincere
Uriah Heep's fulsome compliments nettled David, and made him suspect that there must be a hidden agenda behind all this obsequious manner.
2015年 07月 21日
sultry /ˈsʌltri/ [adj]:
1) very hot, stifling, humid and uncomfortable 蒸し暑い
The sultry late summer weather had brought swarms of insects.
2) sexually attractive; seeming to have strong sexual feelings 官能的な
Many have complained about the new sultry fragrance ad on TV.
trenchant /ˈtrentʃənt/ [adj]: (of criticism, remarks, etc) expressed strongly and effectively, in a clear way 辛辣な
Mahatma Gandhi delivered a trenchant assessment of the British Empire in 1928.
torrid /ˈtɒrɪd/ [adj]:
1) full of emotions, especially connected sex and love 熱烈な
2) very hot and dry 灼熱の
The caravan traveled under the unbearable torrid sun in the desert.
puissant /ˈpjuːɪs(ə)nt/ [adj]: powerful 有力な
Though she appears innocuous outside of her workplace, she is a puissant MD at a large pharmaceutical company.
maudlin /ˈmɔːdlɪn/ [adj]:
1) talking in a silly emotional way often full of pity for yourself, especially when drunk 泣き上戸の、感傷的な
2) (of a book, film or song etc)
expressing or causing exaggerated emotions, especially in way that is not sincere お涙頂戴の、感傷的な
I am not a great fan of over sentimental maudlin chick-flicks.