今日の5つの上級英単語 Part 37

木曜日、今日を含めあと二日で今週も終わり。はりきって勉強しましょう。

今日の5つの上級英単語は:


supplication
penance
ascetic
desultory
bona fide


supplication /ˌsʌplɪˈkeɪʃn/ [n]: the act of asking for something with a very humble request or prayer; plea 嘆願
*vocabulary.comによると"While a supplication is often thought of as a religious prayer (it is used 60 times in the Bible), it can logically be applied to any situation in which you must entreat someone in power for help or a favor. Still, it carries with it an aura of religiosity and deep entreaty, and should not be used to describe just any simple request."とあります。

She clasped her hands in supplication to the heavens.
He listened with scant patience to her supplications.


penance /ˈpenəns/ [n]:
1) an act that you give yourself to do, or that a priest gives you to do in order to show that you are sorry for something you have done wrong 罪を償うための苦行
2) something you have to do though you do not want to 苦痛なこと

I don't think writing a novel can have enough impact in the world these days to be considered penance.


ascetic /əˈsetɪk/ [adj]: not allowing yourself physical pleasures, especially for religious reasons; related to a simple and strict way of life 禁欲的な
The monks lived a very ascetic life.


desultory /ˈdesəltri/ [adj]: lacking definite plan or purpose and going from one thing to another, without enthusiasm とりとめのない、散漫な

The lecture was rather desultory and lacked focus. Many left the auditorium before it ended.


bona fide /bəʊnə ˈfaɪdi/ [n]: real, genuine 本物の、真実の
*ラテン語からきてるそうです

Well done, you've passed the test. You are a bona fide member of the team now.


以上です。

次の記事はPart 18の復習です。

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by uk_alien | 2015-07-23 10:00 | 今日の5つの上級英単語 | Comments(0)

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