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今日の5つの上級英単語 Part 31

今日の単語に入る前に「今日の懺悔」。昨日の単語、profligate(=unrestrained, extremely/carelessly wasteful)は全く頭に入っていませんでした(涙)。なので最近のニュースからの例文を二つ見つけて昨日の記事に貼り付けておきました。めげない。Moving on!


今日の5つの上級英単語は:


amnesty
exonerate
fiat
mendacious
parsimonious


amnesty /ˈæmnəsti/ [n]: a general pardon 恩赦、大赦

A general amnesty has been granted for all the political prisoners.

Democrats have already solidified their position among Hispanic voters through Mr. Obama’s executive action last year granting deportation amnesty to illegal immigrants.


exonerate /ɪɡˈzɒnəreɪt/ [v]: to acquit 無罪にする、容疑を晴らす

Last year alone, six death-row inmates were exonerated, but not before spending more than thirty years each on death row.


fiat /ˈfiːæt/ [n]: decree 命令
*車じゃないよ

By government fiat, new stock listings are being curtailed.
Prices have been fixed by government fiat.


mendacious /menˈdeɪʃəs/ [adj]: lying, untrue 虚偽の、うそつきの
*vocabulary.comの表現が面白い:"So think of the most deceptive, insincere, perfidious, duplicitous, false person you've ever met, and then add the word mendacious to that list." ふーん、誰がmendaciousだろう...と考えていたら、Pride and PrejudiceのGeorge Wickhamが頭に浮かびました。Totally fraudulent and mendacious George Wickham。昨今のニュースではギリシャが悪者:

Germany’s pundits spluttered with rage: the Greeks were mendacious as well as impertinent. (Economist)


parsimonious /ˌpɑːsɪˈməʊniəs/ [adj]: unwilling to spend money 極度に倹約な、けちの、簡素な
*綴り注意。parはar、siはs。'mo'/əʊ/の発音注意。誰がケチだろう...。私だ!
As Apple embraces streaming, the worry for artists is that comparatively lucrative download sales will make way for parsimonious streaming payouts.


さあ、どれくらい覚えていられるかなぁ...。

次の記事はPart12の復習です。

[PR]
by uk_alien | 2015-07-15 10:00 | 今日の5つの上級英単語 | Comments(0)

Time slip

Untitled

[PR]
by uk_alien | 2015-07-14 20:56 | photography | Comments(0)

[復習編] 今日の5つの上級英単語 Part 11の復習

さて、今回は今日の上級英単語Part 11の復習です。Part 11で学習したのは以下の単語:


corroborate
phlegmatic
lax
inadvertently
avidly



さて問題です。次の例文の[ ]にもっともよく当てはまる単語を上から選んでください。動詞の場合は、時制は文脈によって変化させ、同様に名詞の単数複数も変化させてください。



She devoured her father's books most [ ].

The [ ] guards at the Buckingham Palace Gate were surrounded by the cheerful tourists.

Any act or speech which incites sectarian hatred - wilfully or [ ] - carries a potential prison sentence of up to seven years in Pakistan.

The scientists have been collaborating on this project for some years. Two years ago, they published their research findings, which were based on behavioural observations. They have recently [ ] those results with neurological measurements.

The government's [ ] control over benefits cheats have upset many voters.



次に、下記の意味を単語とマッチしてください。



手ぬるい

(新たな証拠などによって)確証する

貪欲に

不注意に、意図のない

冷静な



いかがでしたか?正解はこちらでチェックしてみてくださいね。それではまた明日!

[PR]
by uk_alien | 2015-07-14 15:00 | [復習編] 今日の5つの上級英単語 | Comments(0)

今日の5つの上級英単語 Part 30

さーて、夏のホリデーもあっという間に過ぎ去って、再びこつこつと単語学習に励みます。

今日の5つの上級英単語は:

scour
megalomania
profligate
strife
legion



scour /ˈskaʊə(r)/ [v]: to search a place or thing thoroughly in order to find somebody/something 捜し回る

Unscrupulous contractors scour the countryside in search of homeless, itinerant and unemployed men and women to trick them into forced labour.


megalomania /ˌmeɡələˈmeɪniə/ [n]: a psychological state characterised by delusion of grandeur 誇大妄想癖
*"people who have crazy hunger for power and wealth"という意味で、過去のmegalomaniaたちは、アレキサンダー大王、ナポレオン、ジンギスカン...なのだそうです。確かに実現してしまえば「妄想癖」とは呼ばないですよね。


profligate /ˈprɒflɪɡət/ [adj]: recklessly wasteful 浪費/乱費する

Young people today have been "disinherited"from America's promise of economic opportunity because of profligate government spending and the endless expansion of the welfare state.

The most senior doctor in England has described the level of NHS waste as 'profligate' as officials admit £1.8 billion spent on unnecessary operations and medicines (Telegraph)

Even though that was never the view of the majority of Greeks, the German press responded by portraying the Greeks as "lazy, profligate and irresponsible". (BBC)


strife /straɪf/ [n]: [uncountable] (formal or literary) angry or violent disagreement between two people or groups of people 闘争、紛争、争い

His cinematic entrance in "Lawrence of Arabia" came to symbolize a romanticism about the Middle East that's since been replaced by religious strife and war.


legion /ˈliːdʒən// [adj]: very many 多数で、無数で
*名詞になると"a large group of army soldiers"の意味。

The medical uses of herbs are legion.




以上です。

次の記事はPart 11の復習です。

[PR]
by uk_alien | 2015-07-14 10:00 | 今日の5つの上級英単語 | Comments(0)

Little London Tiles in the Lightbox

London Sketch
[PR]
by uk_alien | 2015-07-12 10:00 | photography | Comments(0)

Little London Tiles in the Lightbox

"MONM..."
[PR]
by uk_alien | 2015-07-11 10:00 | photography | Comments(0)

Little London Tiles in the Lightbox

Embankment
[PR]
by uk_alien | 2015-07-10 10:00 | photography | Comments(0)

Little London Tiles in the Lightbox

Menier Gallery
[PR]
by uk_alien | 2015-07-09 10:00 | photography | Comments(0)

Little London Tiles in the Lightbox

A Painter at Borough Market
[PR]
by uk_alien | 2015-07-08 10:00 | photography | Comments(0)

Little London Tiles in the Lightbox

St James's Park, London
[PR]
by uk_alien | 2015-07-07 10:00 | photography | Comments(0)

カメラ小僧のイギリス帰化人。愛機はライカMモノクローム。はたと思い立って始めた大人ピアノ初心者で目下楽しくて仕方がないピアノ練習と音楽理論の勉強をブログに綴る日々 ー London UK


by uk_alien
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